While the Legislature is responsible for making laws and the Executive is charged with the implementation of such law, the Judiciary is responsible for the interpretation of the law in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. In line with the doctrine of separation of powers, which is a cardinal feature of a democratic system, the Nigerian Constitution guarantees the independence of the Judiciary.

The High Court is the highest English law court in the State. Other Courts include the Court of Appeal and the Sharia Court of Appeal. The State High Court is presided over by the Chief Judge of the State who is assisted by other Judges.

The Customary Court of Appeal is presided over by the President Customary Court of Appeal assisted by other Judges. The Sharia Court of Appeal is presided over by a Grand Khadi who is assisted by other Khadis. Judgments from the Courts can be appealed to the Federal Court of Appeal.

Kwara State Ministry of Justice

The Ministry of Justice is headed by the Attorney General and Commissioner for Justice. The Commissioner exercises general direction and control over the affairs of the Ministry.

The Attorney General/Commissioner for Justice is assisted by the Solicitor General/Permanent Secretary who is responsible for the administration of the office and for the coordination and execution of approved policy and also ensures the efficiency of staff.

Next to the Permanent Secretary are the various departmental heads who are Directors.

The professional staff of the Ministry comprising State Counsel of various grades are distributed across the departments depending on the volume of work of the departments. The State Counsel report to their various departmental heads whilst the administrative staff report to the Director of Personnel, Finance and Supply.

The Ministry has zonal offices across the State which include Omu-Aran, Offa, Lafiagi, Afon, Osi, Jebba, Igbaja and proposes to establish more zonal offices to make justice accessible to the citizens and residents of the state at the grassroots.